Finland is a parliamentary democracy, which means that it has a head of government and a head of state. The country is very sparsely populated. Most people live in the south. The country shares borders with the Baltic Sea, Sweden, Norway and Russia. Tourism is becoming more and more important, especially for structurally weak Lapland.
VWP member: 1991
Population: 5,503,000 (31 December 2016)
Political system: parliamentary democracy
Year of foundation: 1917 (independence from Russia)
Official languages: Finnish and Swedish